Publication Date

2017

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Demaray, Michelle K.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Psychology||Developmental psychology||Educational psychology

Abstract

Little research has examined the how body esteem impacts the educational environment for students, yet there are copious amounts of research indicating that body image and body esteem is a defining experience for individuals, particularly adolescents. The current study collected data in a sample of 669 middle school students from northern Illinois using self-report measures to examine the relation between body esteem and school engagement, with the prediction that victimization (both global and appearance-based) plays a mediating role in this relationship. The associations between these variables were explored, as well as the role gender plays in these relations. Results indicated body esteem was a predictor for all variables, including victimization, appearance-based victimization, behavioral engagement, and emotional engagement. These associations only differed by gender for victimization. Victimization was tested as a mediator between body esteem and both types of engagement for girls and boys. Victimization partially mediated this association for behavioral engagement in girls but not boys, indicating that body esteem is related to school engagement through other means than experiences of victimization. Implications were drawn from the study results to inform future research and school practices, including suggestions that the current findings provide preliminary evidence for not only attempting to reduce victimization in schools, but also supporting the development of body image in adolescent girls and boys to help support their behaviors, emotions, and practices related to school engagement.

Comments

Advisors: Michelle Demaray.||Committee members: Christine Malecki; Julia Ogg.||Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.

Extent

v, 132 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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