M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Art
Toraja (Indonesian people)--Dwellings; Toba-Batak (Indonesian people)--Dwellings; Minangkabau (Indonesian people)--Dwellings; Architecture; Domestic--Indonesia; Indonesia--Civilization; Indonesia--Religion
This study discusses the architectural structures and decorative motifs of three Indonesian curved ridgepole type houses of the Sa'dan Toraja of Sulawesi, and the Toba Batak and Minangkabau of Sumatra. The three types of houses are examined with regard to the physical description of each, the decorative features, and the symbolism of the houses. All of these are related to the religious beliefs of the people, especially beliefs associated with the cosmos. As evidenced from the study, the three houses share a common ancestry, yet have evolved through time and changed in meaning due to external influences. The basic structures of the Sa'dan Toraja and the Toba Batak houses still maintain their relation to the cosmos. The structures of the Minangkabau house were probably related to the cosmos in early times but such associations have now been forgotten. The predominant ornaments and motifs which are associated with fertility are shared by the three cultural groups. Plant forms are used by all three groups but enjoy special importance in the Minangkabau houses because of their respect and admiration for nature.
Alias, Aida, "The architecture and symbolic motifs of three Indonesian curved ridgepole housetypes and their relevance to the rituals and beliefs of the groups that built them" (1991). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 5314.
xii, 135 pages
Northern Illinois University
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