Publication Date

2017

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Chomentowski, Peter J., III

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Department

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education

LCSH

Kinesiology

Abstract

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a form of exercise used to counter the effects of obesity. HIIT consists of low volume, but increased intensity in a short period of time followed by a relative recovery period, which can be active or passive. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of different recovery modalities and durations between high-intensity interval training on lactate clearance, sprint performance, heart rate, and the rating of perceived exertion. METHODS: Forty students participated in the study [(Age: 21.9 +/- 0.3 years; Height: 172.6 +/- 1.6 cm; Weight: 79.4 +/- 2.4 kg; Body Fat %: 18.1 +/- 1.3 (BodPod)]. Subjects were randomly assigned into recovery conditions (modality x duration) which was one of four groups: active recovery for 10 minutes (AR10), active recovery for 5 minutes (AR5), passive recovery for 10 minutes (PR10), or passive recovery for 5 minutes (PR5). The exercise protocol consisted of 3 total maximal-effort sprints each followed by the assigned group recovery phase. Each sprint trial covered a 75-foot distance between a starting line and wall, in which each subject sprinted down to the wall and back to the starting line a total of 3 times, for a total of 450 feet per sprint trial. Following each sprint trial, sprint time, blood lactate concentration, heart rate, and the rating of perceived exertion were recorded. RESULTS: There was significant main effect on blood lactate concentrations seen from recovery modality across all the trials ( p = .038, eta2 = .088). The mean difference across the trials for blood lactate concentration when comparing the active recovery modality to the passive recovery modality was -1.51 mmol/l ( p = .038, 95% CI [-2.92, -0.86]). There was only a significant interaction effect between the trials and recovery duration on blood lactate concentration (p = .002, eta2 = .118). Only an interaction effect between the trials and recovery duration on the rating of perceived exertion was found (p = .034, eta2 = .065). No main or interaction effects were found for either sprint times or heart rate. CONCLUSION: Active recovery is more beneficial for lactate clearance when compared to passive recovery during high-intensity interval training. The effect of recovery duration on lactate clearance and sprint performance must be further investigated.

Comments

Advisors: Peter J. Chomentowski, Iii.||Committee members: Anthony Deldin; Steven M. Howell.||Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.

Extent

v, 70 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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