Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Mitchem, John C.||Duncan, Margaret M. (Margaret May), 1905-||Zimmerman, M. Nadine

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education




The ever present emphasis upon physical fitness casts new light upon those activities which involve the manipulation of the body in feats of skill and strength. Stunts and tumbling is such an activity. However, the methods and materials of stunts and tumbling depends upon the abilities, interests, and needs of the performer as well as the teaching skills of the instructor. From the standpoint of both the interests and welfare of the performer, the objectives of stunts and tumbling should follow the general objectives of physical education, recreation, dance, and all forms of physical activity. Performers can find stunts and tumbling satisfying, challenging, and rewarding when they master the tasks of manipulating their bodies in different positions and poises. When a performer participates in a stunts and tumbling program, she is widening her physical, mental, and social resources and capabilities. She must, however, realize her limitations. Because injuries and accidents can and do happen as a result of poor instruction and/or poor spotting techniques, the instructor must always assure the safety of the performer. Safety in stunts and tumbling is the responsibility of both the instructor and the performer. Correct safety habits must be learned and practiced. Performers must be responsible for the safety of others as well as for their own safety. One way to assure the safety of each performer, whether she is a beginning or advanced tumbler, is to know and practice the correct spotting techniques of individual tumbling stunts. An aid to the development of the proper spotting techniques is the visual presentation of these techniques as demonstrated in illustrations. A review and critical evaluation of the literature found in articles, books, and periodicals contributed to the selection, definition, and completion of the thesis. The procedures used in this study consisted of a preliminary period of experimentation with ninth grade girls to determine the beet spotting techniques for individual tumbling stunts. Following this, selected skills were classified according to their degree of difficulty. Once a list of skills was decided upon, a student with a high level of skill and an instructor experienced in spotting, were selected to participate in the study. The background and experience of the performer and the spotter were evaluated and noted. Photographs were used to illustrate the detailed analysis of beginning and intermediate tumbling skills as well as the correct spotting techniques for these skills. Conclusions drawn included the followings: (l) there is a definite lack of illustrated material showing the correct spotting techniques for individual tumbling stunts, and (2) the illustrated spotting techniques included in this study should be published for use by all teachers.


Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.


51 pages




Northern Illinois University

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