Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Williams, J. David||Shearer, William M.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of Speech


Speech therapy


It was the purpose of this study (1) to determine what percentage of children possessing functional articulatory problems, and having failed to achieve the goal of acceptable speech while in a public elementary school speech correction program, have eventually achieved that goal and (2) to investigate certain variables which may be related to or have direct bearing on these results. Sixty-five subjects participated in this study. The articulation of each subject was evaluated, and hit answers to a number of questions were tabulated. It was found that: Approximately 34% of the subjects participating in this study were judged to be articulating their speech sound normally, while the articulation of approximately 66% was found still to be defective. A large percentage of the normally-speaking subjects misarticulated the r, th and l sounds originally, while the subjects still possessing defective speech misarticulated the sibilants, k, g, f and v. The working mother, as a possible cause of speech problems, was discounted by the results of this investigation. The amount and quality of help that the child with defective speech received at home was deficient to the extent that it can be considered the weakest link in the therapeutic chain. An unexpectedly high percentage of the speech- defective group felt that their speech was normal now. Loss of teeth, maloccluded teeth, and the transformation from deciduous to permanent teeth were cited most often as "causes" of speech problems. No subject reported receiving any additional formal speech help beyond his public school speech correction experience.


Includes bibliographical references.


iv, 48 pages




Northern Illinois University

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