Parham, Ellen S.
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of Human and Family Resources
Smoking cessation programs; Diet therapy; Tobacco--Physiological effect
The relationship among dietary restraint, smoking cessation and postcessation weight gain was studied in 138 former participants of five Chicago suburban Stopsmoking Programs. It was hypothesized that a) smoking cessation leads to an increase in the likelihood of restrained eating behavior as measured by higher scores on the Restraint Scale; b) weight gain after smoking cessation occurs more often in restrained eaters; c) a greater weight gain occurs after smoking cessation in restrained eaters; and d) restrained eaters are less likely to successfully quit smoking. Results support the first two hypotheses. Subjects who successfully guit smoking showed significant increases in Restraint Scale scores from before the program to currently. Also, restrained eaters were significantly more likely to gain weight after smoking cessation. No significant effects of restraint on amount of postcessation weight gain were found, although the proportion of restrained subjects gaining greater than 10 pounds was higher. Contrary to our hypothesis, restrained eaters were not more likely to experience smoking relapse. In fact, subjects classified as restrained based on current scores were significantly more likely to be successful guitters.
Lanciotti, Joan D., "Smoking status, dietary restraint and weight gain in former participants of stop-smoking programs" (1992). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 4941.
v, 70 pages
Northern Illinois University
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