Publication Date

1995

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

King, Richard B.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Biological Sciences

LCSH

Garter snakes--Behavior||Garter snakes--Morphology||Testosterone--Physiological effect||Sex differentiation--Endocrine aspects

Abstract

51 to 54 garter snake neonates from 7 families were tested to examine the effects of sex, family and testosterone on behavior and morphology. Animals were tested on five behavioral measures before testosterone implantation, after implantation, and after implant removal and hibernation. Mass and snout-vent length were measured shortly after birth, mass was measured during implantation, and mass, snout-vent length, head length, and head width were measured after implant removal and hibernation. All simple litter and time effects (except with time for antipredator behavior) were significant for the behavioral measures at or beyond the .05 level. The only other significant effect was the litter-by-time effect for antipredator behaviors. Among the morphological variables, litter effects were significant at or beyond the .05 level for mass and shout vent length. Sex differences and sex-bytreatment differences were significant for head length. This research arose out of an attempt to examine the organizational and activational effects of hormones on behavior. While no significant testosterone effects were found, a strong family (genetic) difference was found for the behavioral variables. In the morphological analyses, sex and sex-by-treatment differences were seen for head length. This was in agreement with earlier research. Strong family (genetic) differences were also found for morphological characteristics.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [73]-77)

Extent

vii, 77, [11] pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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