Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Hart, Ann M.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

School of Nursing


Nursing--Psychological aspects; Nurses--Attitudes


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship be­tween the level of self-esteem and the use of personal space by nurses It was theorized that nurses with high levels of self-esteem would maintain less interpersonal distance between themselves and a patient than nurses with low levels of self-esteem. The sample consisted of at Northern Illinois University. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory was administered to the sub­jects to obtain a self-esteem score for each individual. Two measures of personal space were obtained for each subject, using the approach technique in simulated nursing situations. The score obtained on the Self-Esteem Inventory and the two measures of personal space were the data analyzed. The means and standard deviations for each group of measures were calculated, and Pearson product-moment correlation coef­ficients were computed between the self-esteem scores and each of the two measures of personal space. Statistically significant negative correlations were revealed be­tween the self-esteem scores obtained for the subjects and the person­al space used by them in the simulated nursing situations. It was concluded from these results that nurses with high levels of self-­esteem are likely to use less personal space in nursing situations than nurses with low levels of self-esteem.


Includes bibliographical references.


iv, 51 pages




Northern Illinois University

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