Publication Date

2004

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

McSpadden, Lettie Marie

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Department

Department of Political Science

LCSH

Matteson (Ill.)--Social conditions||Neighborhood--Illinois--Matteson

Abstract

Living in racially diverse communities is not the norm for most people residing in the United States. Historically, there have been communities that are diverse for a short while but before long they begin to experience what is more typical, going from segregation to integration or resegregation. In most cases that means all White, followed by a period of integration to all Black. There are examples of municipalities across the United States that have purposefully taken steps to create and maintain residential racial diversity. This research will evaluate the Village of Matteson residential affirmative marketing program's goal of not succumbing to the pattern of segregation to integration to resegregation. The research also investigated the program's impact on the racial demographics of the neighborhood high schools. Data for this study were collected from three primary sources, The United States Census from 1970–2000, Matteson's New Residents Survey from 1992–2001, and the Rich School Districts report cards from 1990–2000. There were also five surrounding communities that were compared to the Village of Matteson in regard to population growth, racial demographics and involvement in programs that valued diversity. The research showed that there are whites who are willing to move to a municipality where they are not the majority. The findings imply that it is not too late for municipalities to put programs in place to stop the trend or resegregation once there is a minority population of 40% or more. The other implication of this study is that whites will continue to move to a municipality in which they are not the majority but they do not tend to send their children to schools where they are in the minority. Maintaining diverse communities once there are more people of color is a very daunting task because of ingrained attitudes, history, the media and other factors. The Village of Matteson decided to take on the challenge. Findings from this study can serve as a guideline for other suburban municipalities that are interested in attracting and maintaining diversity.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [141]-144).

Extent

ix, 172 pages, folded color pages map

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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