Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Miranda, Wilma

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Leadership in Educational and Sport Organizations


Chicago Public Schools; Segregation in education--Illinois--Chicago; Public schools--Illinois--Chicago--History; School integration--Law and legislation--Illinois--Chicago


While Chicago Public Schools were officially desegregated in 1874, the school district has remained one of the most segregated in the nation. Many southern districts were forced to desegregate by the Brown verdict. However, this verdict only ended de jure segregation. It was a subsequent court case, namely the New Rochelle case, and statutes that prevented federal financial funding if desegregation persisted. These were the key tools used in trying to get Chicago to comply with desegregation laws. Yet these methods did not prove a timely remedy. This study investigates the history of litigation in the desegregation effort. Emphasis is placed on the activity between 1961 and 1980. An analysis of the players involved it the desegregation effort is provided as well as a discussion of the resulting court case. The final chapter focuses the implications of the litigation process. These implications include a change in the federal court?s view on desegregation law, a change in the discourse on the meaning of equality, and a white flight that was aided by the delay in litigation. The method of this study was to analyze important primary documents, such as the federal supplement for the case United States o f America v. Board ofEducation o f the City o f Chicago (1983), the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Emergency School Aid Act, and the Illinois Advisory Committee?s Report to the Commission on Civil Rights. Important secondary sources that contributed to this study included works by Gary Orfield, G. Alfred Hess, Jr and David Armor.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [67]-69).


69 pages




Northern Illinois University

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