Publication Date

1999

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Miranda, Wilma

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Department

Department of Leadership in Educational and Sport Organizations

LCSH

Chicago Public Schools||Segregation in education--Illinois--Chicago||Public schools--Illinois--Chicago--History||School integration--Law and legislation--Illinois--Chicago

Abstract

While Chicago Public Schools were officially desegregated in 1874, the school district has remained one of the most segregated in the nation. Many southern districts were forced to desegregate by the Brown verdict. However, this verdict only ended de jure segregation. It was a subsequent court case, namely the New Rochelle case, and statutes that prevented federal financial funding if desegregation persisted. These were the key tools used in trying to get Chicago to comply with desegregation laws. Yet these methods did not prove a timely remedy. This study investigates the history of litigation in the desegregation effort. Emphasis is placed on the activity between 1961 and 1980. An analysis of the players involved it the desegregation effort is provided as well as a discussion of the resulting court case. The final chapter focuses the implications of the litigation process. These implications include a change in the federal court?s view on desegregation law, a change in the discourse on the meaning of equality, and a white flight that was aided by the delay in litigation. The method of this study was to analyze important primary documents, such as the federal supplement for the case United States o f America v. Board ofEducation o f the City o f Chicago (1983), the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Emergency School Aid Act, and the Illinois Advisory Committee?s Report to the Commission on Civil Rights. Important secondary sources that contributed to this study included works by Gary Orfield, G. Alfred Hess, Jr and David Armor.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [67]-69).

Extent

69 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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