Publication Date

1972

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Sanders, Robert E., 1944-||Shearer, William M.||Andrews, James R.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Speech

LCSH

Blacks--Languages

Abstract

The spontaneous speech of three speakers, which represented three levels of usage of Black language was evaluated by 86 Black male high school students in Chicago. The levels consisted of near standard English, extreme usage of Black language and language usage that represented the midline between the two. Language levels were rated using a semantic differential technique which consisted of scales suggested by Osgood, et al. (1957) and scales developed in the present study from adjectives derived from a Black population. The results indicated that the two types of semantic differential scales produced inverse ratings. According to Osgood's scales, the near standard English speaker elicited most favorable attitudes, and the extreme speaker of Black language was viewed least favorably; the middle speaker received ratings between the others on all but one of the scales. Conversely, the scales derived from the Black population indicated that the speaker of Black language was viewed most favorably, the near standard speaker received considerably less favorable attitudes and the middle speaker received ratings that were slightly lower than the near standard speaker on two of these scales. The results of the present investigation leave the validity of previous research designed to measure attitudes of minority groups through the utilization of the semantic differential technique open to question. Suggestions are offered for future research.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references.

Extent

ix, 49 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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