Publication Date

1990

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Umoren, Josephine M.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Human and Family Resources

LCSH

Football players--United States--Health and hygiene||College sports--Health aspects--United States||Football--Training--Health aspects--United States

Abstract

This study was designed to examine the changes and interrelationships among dietary intake, body composition, blood pressure and serum lipids of NCAA Division I university football players throughout the training and competitive seasons. Data collection occurred at pre-, mid-, and post-season intervals. The aforenamed variables were assessed in terms of cardiovascular benefit derived from high-intensity anaerobic exercise. Eleven volunteers were initially recruited; however, complete data were available for only 7 players. Dietary analysis revealed intakes slightly high in total and saturated fats and carbohydrate intake below that which is recommended for athletes. No significant relationships were found between dietary factors and biochemical values. There was a significant decrease in diastolic blood pressure, LDL:HDL ratio (p < .01) and a significant rise in HDL-cholesterol (p < .001) at mid-season. Since dietary intake remained unchanged throughout the study, these alterations may be attributed to the high intensity, anaerobic activity performed at mid-season. However, the post-season return of these indices to near pre-season values indicates the cardiovascular risk benefit derived from anaerobic activity is short term. The sample size used in this study, however, limits the application of these results to all varsity football athletes.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [68]-73)

Extent

iv, 91 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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