Publication Date

1989

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Ervin, C. Patrick

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geology

LCSH

Geology--Huron, Lake||Seismic reflection method||Seismic refraction method

Abstract

A 46 kilometer portion of GLIMPCE reflection line J, corresponding to the entrance waters to Georgian Bay between Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island, was reprocessed using an automated refraction algorithm. Both a lake bed correction and a refractor-offset correction were incorporated into the inversion of first arrival data to obtain a velocity-depth section along the profile. In the eastern third of the profile, the velocity-depth section is dominated by sub-horizontal refractors of probable Ordovician age. The gentle dip is consistent with the regional geologic structure, and the computed velocities are within the range of values expected on the basis of known lithologies in the area. Assuming that velocities on the order of 6.0 to 6.6 km/s mark the top of the Precambrian basement, the interpreted velocity-depth structure suggests that the depth of the westward-deepening basement surface ranges from 350 to 450 m. The western part of the profile track overlies near-surface, high-velocity Silurian dolomite, which tends to mask the refractions from underlying layers. In this instance, refractions from the basement surface become first arrivals beyond the limits of the shot-receiver spread length used. Also, refractions from the lake bed are often missed because the shot-to-first-receiver offset used was too large relative to the water depth. Because refractor depths are computed in a cumulative fashion, lack of information regarding the shallow layers precludes calculation of reliable depths for the deeper interfaces.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages 122-132)

Extent

viii, 132 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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