Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Lane, Elizabeth C.||Porter, Lorena, 1907-

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education


Bowling--Programmed instruction


The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of programmed circuit bowling. The study was also designed to evaluate empirically the effectiveness of the programmed circuit bowling material. The experiment was done using two 7th and three 8th grade Junior High School girls whose ages ranged from 12 to 14 years. The students were chosen at random and participated in the experiment during their physical education classes and any other free time. The ten circuit stations were arranged in an all purpose room. After the subjects were instructed in the proper use of the elide and overhead projectors, they were left with the programmed manual and instructed to precede by following the directives of the programmed manual. In order for the subject to move to a new circuit, the subject had to pass a test over the circuit at which she was stationed. When each subject completed the tenth circuit, the subject took a final test covering all ten circuits. Finally, the investigator took the subjects to a bowling center to empirically evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching device. The results of the study showed that this teaching device made possible the teaching of an activity through programmed circuit instruction. The programmed circuit bowling aid allowed for individual differences, provided motivation and internet for the subjects and created an entirely different atmosphere of learning than is generally found in a physical education class.


Includes bibliographical references.


x, 106 pages




Northern Illinois University

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