Pecenka, Joseph O.||Lane, Robert E., 1931-
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of Management
Business teachers; Vocational guidance
The major problem of this study centered on determining the influence of the job characteristics of location, salary, atmosphere, classroom, and prestige upon business faculty job choice. Other questions examined were: (1) What combinations of characteristics in the job-changing decision are more important than others?, and (2) Is the prestige of a college or department of business as important a characteristic as others; and does its influence merit its inclusion as one of the more important job characteristics considered in the decision to move by faculty? Questionnaires, for which the subject was to assume that he was seeking a position in a business school or department at another institution, were mailed to 304 members of professional business associations in the areas of accountancy, management, and marketing, yielding a return of 46 percent. An analysis of variance of factorial design was used to analyze the data for the total sample, each of the functional areas, and faculty income and age. F ratios were computed for each characteristic to determine those statistically significant at the .05 level of significance or greater. For the total sample of business faculty, salary was rated the most important characteristic affecting faculty job choice, location was rated a relatively close second, atmosphere third, classroom fourth, and prestige fifth. Seven variations from the total sample occurred when responses were separated into the various subgroups. The marketing subgroup, the "other" subgroup, faculty with incomes of $8-12,000, and faculty aged 30-39 all ranked classroom third and atmosphere fourth. Of these, only the subgroup consisting of faculty with incomes of $8-12,000 rated classroom higher than atmosphere by more than a relatively small margin; however, this portion of the sample was relatively small (n=13). Faculty aged 20-29 ranked atmosphere first, salary second, and location third. Again, the sample was small (n=5). Faculty with incomes of $16-20,000 rated location first and salary second by a large margin. Faculty with incomes above $24,000 rated prestige fourth and classroom fifth by a small margin. Statistically significant interactions between or among characteristics were also reported. In the total sample and in the subgroups, nine interactions among the twenty-six which occurred were statistically significant at the .05 level or greater. Of these statistically significant interactions, the interactions between location and salary, and between location and classroom occurred ten times; between location and atmosphere, nine times; and between salary and atmosphere, eight times. Statistically significant interactions between salary and atmosphere; and among location, salary, and prestige; location, atmosphere, and classroom; and salary, atmosphere, classroom, and prestige occurred two times each. Interaction between atmosphere and classroom occurred only once at a statistically significant level. Upon summarizing the rank and relative degree of importance of the selected job characteristics, the following generalized model for the total sample was derived: R = 17.12 L + 20.18 S + 8.12 A + 7.10 C + 2.99 P + 44.49, where R is job choice, L is location, S is salary, A is atmosphere, C is classroom, and P is prestige. The following summary indicates the percentages of the degrees of importance for the five job characteristics investigated in this study. These percentages were calculated by totaling the sums of squares for each characteristic, setting this total equivalent to 100 percent, and then computing the percentage value for each of the characteristics. Salary 36%, Location 31%, Atmosphere 15%, Classroom 13%, Prestige 5% = 100%.
Cook, Jimmy Don, "Prestige and other job characteristics as influences on job choice by business faculty" (1970). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 4500.
vi, 81 pages
Northern Illinois University
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