Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Pecenka, Joseph O.||Andreasen, Haakon L.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Management


Job satisfaction; College teachers


The problem in this study was to determine the influence of the selected job characteristics of location, salary and salary advancement, collegial atmosphere, classroom situation, and prestige upon faculty retention. Sub-problems were: (1) to determine which of the above job characteristics were the more important, (2) to determine the relative importance assigned by faculty to each of the above job characteristics, (3) to verify the inter-relatedness of these job characteristics, and (4) to determine the relative position of prestige among the selected job characteristics. A stratified sample was selected from the current membership roster of the professional business associations in the areas of accountancy, management, and marketing. Questionnaires were mailed to 304 business faculty which yielded a 46 per cent return. The methodology of the study included: a questionnaire survey to obtain job characteristics from business faculty, the use of the analysis of variance of a factorial design to determine the relative importance of selected job characteristics on faculty retention, and the F test to determine the statistical significance of the selected job characteristics and interactions between and among them. From the responses of the total sample it was discovered that salary was the most important characteristic affecting faculty retention; location was second, atmosphere third, classroom fourth, and prestige fifth. Only two variations from the response of the total sample occurred when responses were separated into subsamples of accountancy, management, marketing, and "other" (faculty teaching economics, finance, or some combination of functional areas). The marketing subsample ranked location first, and salary second, but with only a marginal difference; the "other" subsample ranked prestige fourth, and classroom fifth. It was found that nine of twenty-six interactions between or among selected characteristics in the functional areas and in the total sample were significant at the .05 level or greater. In this group the interaction between location and prestige occurred most frequently (three times) across functional areas. Interaction between location and salary; location and atmosphere; location and classroom; and salary and atmosphere; and among location, classroom, and prestige occurred two times across functional areas. Interaction between salary and classroom; and among location, atmosphere, and classroom occurred only once across functional areas. Interaction among all five characteristics occurred only for the management subsample. The rank and degree of importance of selected job characteristics, when summarized, yielded the following generalized model for the total sample: R = 14.43L + 23.49S + 7.84A + 4.66C + 2.88P + 46.69. R is the perceived probability that the employee will remain on the job, L is location, S is salary, A is atmosphere, C is classroom, and P is prestige. When percentages were calculated from the total response from all faculty surveyed, omitting interactions and within cell variation, salary amounted to 44 per cent of the total, location 27 per cent, atmosphere 15 per cent, classroom 9 per cent, and prestige 5 per cent.


Includes bibliographical references.


iv, 57 pages




Northern Illinois University

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