Author

Byron Knutsen

Publication Date

1965

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Jonich, M. J.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Chemistry

LCSH

Exploding wire phenomena||Metals--Heat treatment

Abstract

The utility of exploding wire techniques as a method for synthesis of various metal nitrides has been investigated. The metals exploded were titanium, zirconium, aluminum, tantalum, magnesium, platinum, rhodium, copper, zinc, cadmium, iron and nickel. The nitrogen source was ammonia, gaseous and liquid nitrogen, or mixtures of nitrogen and hydrogen. The nitrides of titanium, aluminum, zirconium, tantalum and magnesium were successfully prepared in yields ranging from 6% for magnesium nitride to 53% for titanium nitride. The energy for the synthesis was provided by a large bank of capacitors charged to 9,000 volts. The samples were analyzed using the Kjeldahl method for determining bonded nitrogen. Structural determination using x-ray diffraction was also employed. The thermodynamic properties of known nitrides are discussed and attempts are made to estimate thermodynamic properties of unknown nitrides. An explanation of the results obtained in the synthesis are given in terms of a thermodynamic approach.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (leaf 54)

Extent

vii, 54 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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