Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Plowman, Sharon A.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education


Flying discs (Game)


The purpose of the study was to investigate changes in selected metabolic and cardiorespiratory variables resulting from participation in a recreational sports season of ultimate frisbee. The experimental group was comprised of 16 males, 18 to 34 years old, who participated in the Mercer County (N.J.) Ultimate Frisbee League. The season ran for 14 weeks and consisted of an average of two 48-minute games per week. The control group consisted of eight sedentary males ranging in age from 20 to 25 years. Upon completion of the ultimate frisbee season the league members exhibited nonsignificant decrements in measures of body weight (-1.7% ), resting heart rate (-2.6% ), and resting blood pressure (systolic -3.4% and diastolic -3.3% ). The control group revealed similar decrements in measures of body weight (-1.2% ) and resting heart rate (-1.4% ), with nonsignificant increases reported for values of systolic blood pressure (+0.7%) and diastolic blood pressure (+1.6%). Postseason determinations of anaerobic power indicated both groups of subjects experienced reductions of -1.6%, but these changes were not statistically significant. Performance data from the 15-minute endurance run revealed improvements which were not significant for predicted maximal oxygen uptake (relative to body weight) for league members (+2.6%) and the control group (+1.5%), or the total yards achieved by the league members (+3.3%) and the control group (+0.6%). Between group comparisons revealed that no significant differences occurred in any of the physical characteristic measures. However, the reductions observed for the league members exceeded those of the control group by -0.5% in body weight and -1.2% in resting heart rate. The league members were also shown to decrease an average of -3.4% in systolic blood pressure and -3.3% in diastolic blood pressure, as compared to increases of +0.7% and +1.6%, respectively, for the control group. An identical decrease in anaerobic power of -1.6% was reported for both groups of subjects in postseason testing, but these changes were not found to be statistically significant. When postseason test scores of maximal oxygen uptake (relative to body weight) were compared, a significant (p < . 05) improvement was observed in favor of the league members. The total distance (yards) revealed from performance of the 15-minute endurance run also indicated a significant (p < .0 5 ) improvement in favor of the league members.


Includes bibliographical references.


vii, 73 pages




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