Publication Date

1998

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Mason, Joseph A.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geography

LCSH

Riparian plants--Illinois||Floods--Illinois||Rivers--Illinois||Stream ecology--Illinois||Landforms--Illinois

Abstract

The relationship between fluvial landforms and vegetation patterns is characterized by zones of vegetation groups parallel to the stream channel arranged along a gradient of flood frequency. This paper examines the spatial pattern of riparian vegetation as it is influenced by fluvial landforms and the distance/elevation from a stream in Northern Illinois. When vegetation is predominately found on a fluvial surface with a known flood frequency, vegetation can be used to predict flood frequency where hydrologic data are scarce. Data were collected along transects perpendicular to the stream from the active floodplain to the water’s edge at the curve of a meander bend and at points downstream and upstream of the bend. Microtopography and surface soil particle size were determined visually. Vegetation composition was recorded through line-intercept sampling. Results showed that some species and types of vegetation are site specific. Surfaces closest to the channel bed were dominated by species more tolerant of fluvial processes. Vegetation nearest the water’s edge upstream of the meander bend appeared to be more tolerant of flooding than vegetation at the downstream site.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [40]-42)

Extent

v, 47 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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