Kim, So-Yeun||Zittel, Lauriece L.
M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)
Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education
Physical education and training; Psychology; Disability studies
The purposes of this study were to a) measure parental self-efficacy and parenting practices of parents of young children between 2 to 7 years of age related to their physical development, b) examine the relationship between parental self-efficacy and/or parenting practices, and c) investigate sociodemographic factors related to parental self-efficacy and parenting practices. A total of 237 parents/caregivers were recruited throughout 27 states in the United States using both offline and online dissemination. The Preschool Parent Confidence Questionnaire (PPCQ) (Coleman, 2010) was used to measure parental self-efficacy. The modified version Parenting SOS (Vaughn et al., 2013) was utilized to measure parenting practices of participants. Descriptive statistics was used to examine levels of parental self-efficacy and parenting practices. Pearson correlation coefficient was utilized to investigate the relationship between parental self-efficacy and parenting practices. To examine demographic factors related to parental self-efficacy and/or parenting practices, Pearson correlation coefficient was used in continuous variables, and one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was utilized in categorical variables. The results showed that participants had moderate to high levels of parental self-efficacy and parenting practices. There were no differences regarding levels of parental self-efficacy and parenting practices between parents of children with and without disabilities. A significant moderate relationship was found between parental self-efficacy and parenting practices (r = .495, p < .001). No demographic factor was significantly related to parental self-efficacy or parenting practices in this current study (p > .05). In conclusion, parents of young children with and without disabilities had moderate to high levels of parental self-efficacy and parenting practices regarding physical development of their children. The moderate relationship between parental self-efficacy and parenting practices supports the theory of Bandura that self-efficacy can be a good predictor for change of human behavior.
Sur, Myung Ha, "Parental self-efficacy and parenting practices in parents of young children with and without disabilities in physical development" (2017). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 4267.
iii, 70 pages
Northern Illinois University
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