Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Kapperman, Gaylen, 1943-

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Learning, Development, and Special Education


Blind--Education--Philippines; Parenting--Study and teaching--Philippines; Visually handicapped children--Philippines


The Parent Involvement Program (PIP) is a program designed for implementation in the Philippine setting m recognition of the importance of appropriate early childhood programs responsive to the very special needs of visually handicapped children. The program aims to enable parents to be aware of their visually handicapped children's specific needs and potential and to identify the modifications in child rearing methods of providing for these specific needs. The program implementation procedures include child find, case evaluation, program planning, pre-program conference, and home intervention. Strategies for home intervention include suggestions for activities, materials, and resources relevant to the needs of the child within the particular home setting. A program facilitator supports the parents in this highly individualized approach to home intervention. The program design has two main components, the Facilitator's Manual and the Parents' Manual. Designed as a guide for the program facilitator, the Facilitator's Manual discusses the theoretical and practical basis of the knowledge required to understand the need for the program and the procedures for program implementation. The Parents' Manual describes the strategies for intervention with very young visually handicapped children in areas needing special help. It includes worksheets for home activities which correspond to areas of intervention.


Bibliography: Pages 148-149


vi, 177 pages




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