Publication Date

1990

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Mardell-Czudnowski, Carol

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Department

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education

LCSH

Infants (Newborn)--United States--Development||Neonatologists--United States--Attitudes||Neonatal intensive care--United States

Abstract

Since so many fragile and tiny newborns are surviving the neonatal period and requiring longer stays in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), concerns about their development and developmental care in the NICU have become important clinical issues. This study inquired how professionals in the NICU view the Developmental/Educational Specialist and what role the Developmental/Educational Specialist can play in supporting the newborn's development while in the NICU. This collaborative study reports the findings of a survey of 4 of the 15 Level III hospitals in the state of Illinois. These data, in turn, form the basis of a comprehensive study that examines these questions in all 15 NICUs throughout Illinois. Two questionnaires were used. The first questionnaire was sent out to the Director of Neonatology from each hospital. Within each hospital, the second questionnaire was hand delivered directly to all members of the NICU multidisciplinary team or in a packet to their supervisors. Results indicated that of the 142 respondents, 52.5% (n=83) identified a Developmental/Educational Specialist on staff, while 37.3% (n=59) identified no Developmental/Educational Specialist on staff. Within the group of professionals who identified a Developmental/Educational Specialist on staff, 90.2% believe this position is necessary for the care of high-risk infants in the NICU. Within the group of professionals who don't identify a Developmental/Educational Specialist on staff, 79.7% identified the need for one. Both groups perceive a significant need for an increase in NICU staff to incorporate developmental interventions with their daily medical/nursing and social interactions with high-risk infants during hospitalization. Developmental Intervention performed by NICU staff deserves further support and study.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [39]-43)

Extent

iv, 57 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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