Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Degges-White, Suzanne

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Counseling, Adult and Higher Education


Ethics; Multicultural education; Mental health


This research proposal was initiated to present one point of inquiry regarding the manifestations of multiculturalism in counseling in the form of multicultural inclusion among professional counselors. Men of color who are professional counselors were the chosen population of study. Urie Bronfenbrenner's (1977) Ecology Systems theory was introduced as the conceptual framework for understanding multiculturalism as a contextualized concept for this study. Scholarly literature from the field of professional counseling, counseling related professions, organization theory, and various aspects of multiculturalism were used to frame what was understood about multiculturalism, men of color, and the counseling profession. Specific information on how multiculturalism has been theorized, discussed, assessed, and practiced within the counseling profession was presented. This manuscript is an outline of interpretative phenomenological analysis methods used to investigate lived experiences of multiculturalism in counseling. In particular, data and discussion of the multicultural inclusion experiences of ten men of color who are professional counselors were delineated.


Advisors: Suzanne Degges-White; Adam Carter.||Committee members: A. Leslie Anderson; Teresa Fisher; Steven J. Moody; Jane Rheineck.||Includes bibliographical references.


242 pages




Northern Illinois University

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