Publication Date

2015

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Bridgett, David J.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Developmental psychology||Developmental psychology||Parenting||Mother and child||Anxiety

Abstract

Previous work has demonstrated links between early fearful temperament and risk for the subsequent development of anxiety disorders; thus, factors that may influence the development of early fear are important to consider. Maternal anxiety has previously been linked to child anxiety, though limited work has examined potential relationships between maternal anxiety and infant fear. Anxious mothers have been observed to be more critical/rejecting and intrusive/overcontrolling in their interactions with their children, and these parenting behaviors have been related to greater risk for childhood anxiety. Again, the relations between these parenting behaviors and early expressions of temperament, particularly fear, are less frequently considered. The current study aimed to address these gaps in the literature by assessing direct and indirect relationships between maternal anxiety at 4 months postpartum, maternal use of critical/rejecting and intrusive/overcontrolling parenting behaviors at 6 months postpartum, and infant fear at 8 months postpartum. Results suggest that maternal anxiety is directly related to greater use of critical/rejecting parenting, but not intrusive/overcontrolling parenting behaviors. Neither intrusive/overcontrolling nor critical/rejecting parenting was significantly related to infant fearfulness at 8 months. Maternal anxiety was also unrelated to infant fear. Implications of these findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Comments

Advisors: David J. Bridgett.||Committee members: Laura Pittman; Kevin Wu.

Extent

104 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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