Publication Date

2014

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Walker, James Allen, 1952-

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geology and Environmental Sciences

LCSH

Magmatism||Geology||Petrology||Geochemistry||Pacaya Volcano (Guatemala)

Abstract

Pacaya Volcano is an active composite volcano located in southern Guatemala, about 30 km from the nation's capital, Guatemala City. This volcano has variable eruptive styles ranging from non-explosive to moderately explosive. Volcanic rocks from Pacaya are mostly basaltic to basaltic andesite and tend to be porphyritic, containing approximately 25-35% crystals, dominantly plagioclase. Previous data from olivine-hosted melt inclusions in Pacaya's tephras suggest relatively low magmatic water contents for a subduction zone volcano, particularly compared to neighboring composite volcanoes along the Central American Volcanic Arc.||The goal of this research was to use plagioclase phenocrysts in basaltic andesite lavas from Pacaya as a secondary method to verify the unusually low magmatic water contents reported previously. Water contents were estimated using a plagioclase-liquid hygrometer. Plagioclase crystals were selected from thin sections made of lavas from five different eruptive events. Phenocrysts were analyzed using the electron microprobe at Northern Illinois University. Plagioclase crystallization temperatures were obtained using a geothermometer. Water contents were calculated to be ≤ 3.6 wt. % H2O for lavas erupted from Pacaya, and are consistent with olivine-hosted melt inclusion data, but low for subduction zone volcanoes.

Comments

Advisors: James A. Walker.||Committee members: Justin P. Dodd; Mark R. Frank.

Extent

129 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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