Baker, Orville||Murray, Don, 1917-
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of English
London, Jack, 1876-1916
Socialism may not be defined in a short and concise way. The word stands for many different trends of thought and ways of life and is therefore impossible to define precisely. But some attempt at definition is necessary here, since the purpose of this paper is to prove that Jack London was not a socialist, as he professed to be. In spite of the ambiguity of the term, there is one main concept behind all types of socialistic thought. That is the belief in "the collective organization of the community in the interests of the mass of people by means of the common ownership and collective control of the means of production and exchange. While this may be considered the basic thought behind socialism, there are many other doctrines which are accepted by socialists. Some of these doctrines were accepted by London and some were not, but still it can easily be seen that he did not believe in the basic idea of equality of wealth, which, after all, is the foundation for most theories of socialism. Of the many varieties of socialism, that devised by Karl Marx most interested London.
Holtz, Karl Adam, "Jack London - the selfish socialist" (1959). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 3690.
Northern Illinois University
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