Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Parham, Ellen S.||Durham, Elizabeth

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Home Economics


Diet in disease; Kidneys--Diseases


The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of understanding of dietary instructions on adherence to the restricted diet used in chronic renal failure. Sampling included thirty male and female patients, 16 to 55 years of age. Fifteen were on hemodialysis and fifteen were not. The restricted diet prescribed for the patients consisted of 40 grams protein, 0.5 gram sodium, 1.0 gram potassium, and 2500-3000 Calories. The patients were administered a questionnaire of fifty questions to test their understanding of the diet. Dietary adherence was determined from seven day diaries and from BUN (blood urea nitrogen) scores. The mean score of the patients from the questionnaire was 44.0. Average protein intakes were approximately 5 grams less than prescribed, while the average sodium intake was almost twice the recommended amount. Potassium intake averaged 40 per cent more than prescribed. In the case of each nutrient, there was great variability of intakes. In conclusion it appeared the patients understood dietary instructions but did not adhere to the restricted diet. Therefore, the null hypothesis that there will be no correlation between understanding of the diet and dietary adherence could not be rejected.


Includes bibliographical references.


58 pages




Northern Illinois University

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