Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Parham, Ellen S.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Home Economics


Obesity; Children--Nutrition--Psychological aspects; Women; Black


The purpose of this study was to compare early feeding patterns and food involvement in obese and non-obese black female subjects. An open-end questionnaire was designed to gather information on factors related to pressure to eat. It was revised and administered to twelve subjects (six obese and six non-obese) for pilot testing. A few revisions were made after testing and the final instrument was designed. A weighted quantitative scale was developed to measure to eat. Forty-four obese and forty-four non-obese black female hospital patients participated in the study. Their skinfold measurements were taken to determine the degree of obesity in each subject. Each of the subjects was asked to respond to the two verbal instruments (pressure to eat questionnaire and the food involvement inventory of Parham and Petrich) (50). The null hypothesis that the obese and non-obese black females do not differ in their early experiences with food could not be rejected, as there was no significant difference between the groups. The second hypothesis which states that obese and non-obese subjects do not differ in their total food involvement scores cannot be rejected as the differences between the groups are approaching significance and thus suggest the desirability of further work.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [54]-58)


74 pages




Northern Illinois University

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