Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

McKay, David L.||Beard, Richard E.||Ball, Walter N.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Legacy Department

Department of Art


Drawing--Study and teaching


The study traces the methods and philosophies of American drawing instruction of the college level student from the seventeenth century to the present. The most outstanding conclusion to the research of this study was the development of the reduction of the natural forms to visual abstraction growing out of a rebellion against traditional methods of representationalism. This development was witnessed through the study of the art academy in America with the first invention of radical techniques of drawing instruction introduced by Thomas Eakins in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The important innovation in drawing instruction developed in the twentieth century was the emphasis placed on the experience or process in the making of the drawing. Among those responsible for this development were the advocates of the Bauhaus, Arthur Dow, Kimon Nicolaides and Hoyt Sherman. The artists of the revolutionary movements in art of the twentieth century such as Pablo Picasso, Paul Klee, and Piet Mondrian share this responsibility.


Includes bibliographical references.


ii, 38 pages




Northern Illinois University

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