Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Gyant, LaVerne, 1950-

Degree Name

Ed.D. (Doctor of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Counseling, Adult and Higher Education


Education; Higher--Jordan--History


The study presents a historical narrative of the establishment and development of higher education in Jordan. The study examined the factors which led to the establishment, development, and expansion of higher learning institutions. Some of these factors include public interest in and demand for higher education, government interest in developing human capital, and historic events in the Middle East region. Due to minimal research on the establishment and development of higher education, a historical narrative method was utilized to conduct this study. This involved reviewing various primary and secondary sources. These included historical documents, library archival research, government documents, and college and university catalogues, along with other sources. Each were collected, reviewed and analyzed and themes were developed to answer the question of how higher education in Jordan began and how it has changed over the last fifty or more years. The study discusses the intersection between politics, culture, economics, and gender and its role in the development of higher education and to look at how Islam was and is central to all aspects of education. This study also presents some discussion on how the expansion has and will affect all of these aspects. The following conclusions were drawn from the study: (1) higher education evolved during the early 1950s with the establishment of the Teachers Training Institute; (2) university expansion during the 1960s and 1970s was relatively slow and steady; (3) the rate of university growth increased after the 1980s; (4) between the early 1990s and 2005 was a time of unprecedented growth in the number of new universities, specifically, private institutions and students’ enrollment; (5) between 1962 and 2005 Jordan established a total of 26 universities, of which 10 were public, and 48 public and private community colleges; and (6) the factors that contributed to the rapid expansion of higher learning institutions in Jordan include economic, political, social, and educational concerns. These conclusions are significant because they show that Jordan is undergoing major transformations which come with both positives and negatives consequences.


Includes bibliographical references


vi, 105 pages




Northern Illinois University

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