Donnelly, Alton S.
M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of History
Communism--China--History||China--Foreign relations--Soviet Union||China--History--1912-1937||Soviet Union--Foreign relations--China
Although it was obvious that both the Chinese Communist party and the Nationalist (Kuomintang) party wanted to use the other as a stepping stone to sole authority in China, each felt a need for the other's resources. Therefore, in 1924 a coalition between the two, under the guidance of Moscow, was in initiated. Although the Chinese Communist party gained in strength through its contacts with the urban workers and the rural peasants, the Kuomintang, under the guidance of the Russian agent Borodin, grew from an in effectual and powerless party into one better equipped to carry out the revolution. Stalin, hampered by a lack of knowledge of the actual situation in China and his struggle with Trotsky for power in Moscow, could not give the Chinese Communist party the leadership and guidance it needed. Chiang Kai-shek, head of the Kuomintang, realizing that Moscow was using his party only as a tool for its own advance, severed the alliance in April of 1927 with a military coup that shattered the Russian's dreams of success in China and sent the remnants of the Chinese communist party in to hiding. The influence that Moscow had on the Kuomintang, then, was inestimable. Without meaning to, Stalin had built in China an anti-communist force which was to keep the indigenous communist organization out of power for over twenty years. Even then, however, the Russian Influence was significant, and though momentarily miscarried in the Kuomintang, it triumphed in the kingdom of Mao, Chu, and Chou.
Karsen, Richard Dean, "Hammer, sickle, and dragon : to what extent did Soviet Russia influence the Chinese revolution in the period from 1924 to 1927?" (1962). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 3333.
Northern Illinois University
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