Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Frank, Mark R.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Geology and Environmental Geosciences


Geology; Geochemistry; Mineralogy; Porphyry--Research; Ore deposits--Research; Magmatism--Research


Ore deposits are local and/or regional deviations from the country rock where desired minerals and/or metals are deposited in elevated concentrations. Porphyry ore deposits are those temporally and spatially associated with intermediate to felsic igneous intrusion(s) and commonly form via magmatic and hydrothermal components. In these systems, the MVP is thought to be the dominant transporter of desired elements (e.g. Cu, Au) towards sites of deposition. Commonly, the minerals that exist in porphyry deposits are sulfides (e.g. chalcopyrite, bornite, etc.), oxides and native elements. In this study, we conduct a fluid inclusion study to evaluate the concentration of metals (e.g. Fe, Cu, Zn, etc.) in each phase dominantly as a function of log f (sys/S2) to demonstrate the conditions under which the most metals could be transported in the MVP. The MVP were trapped as brines and vapor pairs or supercritical fluids in fluid inclusions during experiments conducted at fixed pressures of 100 MPa, f( sys/O2) buffered by Ni-NiO and temperature of 500, 600 and 700 °C. Logf(sys/S2) was varied from -11.0 (+/-1.0) to 0.6 (+/-4.0) bars to evaluate the importance of sulfur. The D(b/v/Cu) from 700 °C experiments decrease from 20.0 +/- 5.6 to 2.8 +/- 0.7 with increasing logf(sys/S2) (-5.6 +/- 0.1 to 0.6 +/- 0.4) while ?D( b/v/Fe) and D(b/v/Zn) had negligible changes. Among supercritical fluid data, the concentration of Fe, Cu and Zn are elevated in 600 °C experiments where log f( sys/S2) was -1.7 +/- 1.0 as opposed to 500 °C where log f(sys/S2) ranges from -11.0 +/- 1 to -9.2 +/- 0.6 , respectively.


Advisors: Mark R. Frank.||Committee members: Justin P. Dodd; James A. Walker.


80 pages




Northern Illinois University

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