Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Sheehan, Janet K.

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education


Student activities--Psychological aspects; Middle school students--Psychology; Self-perception in children


This thesis assessed self-esteem and sports participation levels in middle-school-age children. A correlational study was done to show the relationship between the two variables. Middle-school-age children were chosen because there is very little data on what affects self-esteem levels for this particular age group. The children completed a questionnaire to assess the amount of sports participation and the Harter Self-Perception Profile for Children to assess self-esteem levels. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine whether middle-school-age children participating in sports have higher general self-worth than those who do not participate; (2) to determine whether the number of hours a child participates in sports predicts general self-worth levels in middle-school-age children; (3) to determine whether middle-school-age children participating in sexappropriate sports have higher general self-worth than those children participating in sex-inappropriate sports; (4) to determine whether there is a significant positive relationship between number of hours of sports participation, athletic competence, and general self-worth; and (5) to determine whether boys or girls who participate in sports have higher general self-worth. The results indicate that middle-school-age children who participate in sports have higher athletic competence than those children who do not participate in sports. It is also possible to infer from the results that athletic competence mediates the relationship between sports participation and global self-worth. Other results were found to be not statistically significant.


Includes bibliographical references (pages [40]-43)


iv, 55 pages




Northern Illinois University

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