Publication Date

1989

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Booth, Colin J.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geology

LCSH

Water--Nitrogen content--Mathematical models||Finite element method||Groundwater--Purification--Mathematical models

Abstract

Ground-water contamination by sewage waste is a major problem in the United States. A known technology for reducing this contamination is spray irrigation of wastewater instead of the more typical sand-bed filtration. This study involves the application of a ground-water flow and contaminant transport model to compare the ground-water contamination from spray irrigation versus sand bed filtration at the Otis Air National Guard Base on Cape Cod. To develop the ground-water flow model, site- specific parameters were input and the model was calibrated to observed water-level elevations. The transport model was developed by simulating known concentrations and loading rates and estimating values of dispersivity. In addition, data from the existing wastewater plume were used in the model calibration. The contaminant transport model predicts that, for the Cape Cod site, the spray irrigation method results in lower concentrations of contaminants over a smaller area. Even tertiary treatment of the wastewater discharged to a filter bed will result in greater contamination than spray irrigation of secondarily treated wastewater.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages 106-121)

Extent

ix, 154 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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