Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Henry, Beverly W.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

School of Family, Consumer and Nutrition Sciences


Nutrition; Ethnic studies; Demography; Social structure; Food security; Nutrition; Social structure


The purpose of this thesis is to explore the design of different food desert interventions within the context of the socioecological model to describe which level experts think is related to the greatest impact on health outcomes and behavior changes. Twelve experts completed three surveys over a six week period. A document review of recent and current interventions guided the first survey and the subsequent surveys were based on the responses to the first survey. Participants were asked to rank barriers and strategies from least to most influential or effective, as well as sort them into the socioecological model. The document review provided five barriers and five strategies as a starting point for the surveys. Consensus was defined as 75% agreement, and was reached for the ranking of affordability and the quantity and quality of healthy foods as the most influential barriers for food desert residents. Consensus was reached stating that combining multiple strategies is most effective . While the barriers affecting food desert residents seem to be almost universal among communities, the strategies employed to overcome those barriers need to be unique to the individual community.


Advisors: Beverly Henry.||Committee members: Jinsook Kim; Amy Ozier.


128 pages




Northern Illinois University

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