Demaray, Michelle K.
Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)
Department of Psychology
This dissertation was completed to delineate mechanisms that influence bystander behavior in the presence of bullying phenomena. Given the limited investigations that exist into the differences between defender role behaviors and outsider role behaviors, the current study sought to further understand the variables which promote or inhibit action when bullying phenomena occur. Defender and outsider role behaviors were examined as outcomes among a sample of Midwestern students in grades six through eight. Students' perceptions of school climate were investigated as a predictor. The association between perceptions of school climate and bystander behaviors during bullying was proposed to be moderated by self-reported anxiety, gender, victimization experience, and the extent to which respondents have seen other students in their school put a stop to bullying.
Bixler, Trevor, "Examining the influence of perceived school climate, anxiety, victimization experience, and observed defending on bystander behaviors during bullying" (2018). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 2984.
Northern Illinois University
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