Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Xie, Ying

Degree Name

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

Legacy Department

Department of Educational Technology, Research and Assessment


Educational technology; Education


This quantitative study examined the gender-based difference toward the adoption of online learning based on constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). It is also aimed to predict the Behavioral Intention of the adoption of online learning based on the predicting variables of the TPB, Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control toward the adoption of online learning. The gender was used to examine the moderating effect on the relationship between the three predictors (Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control) and outcome (Behavioral Intention). The study included 162 participants, including both males and females. All participants were faculty members working at a Middle Eastern recently-established university. The results showed no statistical differences between male and female faculty members in all variables of the TPB (Attitude, Subjective Norm, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Behavioral Intention). The predictor variable Subjective Norm appeared to be a statistically significant predictor, and Attitude and Perceived Control appeared to be statistically nonsignificant predictors. Finally, gender appeared to have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between the predictor Perceived Behavioral Control and Behavioral Intention.


Advisors: Ying Xie.||Committee members: Thomas Smith; Andrew Tawfik.||Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.


xi, 151 pages




Northern Illinois University

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