Publication Date

1987

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Spangler, Timothy C.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Geography

LCSH

Smoke plumes--California--Santa Barbara Region||Atmospheric diffusion--California--Santa Barbara Region||Atmospheric circulation--California--Santa Barbara Region||Air--Pollution--California--Santa Barbara Region

Abstract

There are many ways to predict dispersion rates of a plume of pollution. One way is the standard deviation of the wind direction, σ[sub θ], a method first used by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to estimate horizontal dispersion. Sigma theta is a measure of turbulence at the altitude of wind direction measurement and can be related to horizontal dispersion by the equation σ[sub θ] = f(x)• σ[sub y] , where σ[sub y] is the actual standard deviation of plume concentration. Values of f(x) for relating σ[sub θ] to σ[sub y] have been found over land, but no relationship has been developed using real data for f(x) during overwater dispersion. For the purpose of modeling plume behavior, overwater dispersion has been assumed to be much less than that over land. This thesis describes how the accepted relationship between σ[sub θ] and σ[sub y] over land is not valid over water, y 6 and that there are two distinct dispersion rates over water and land, one influenced by downwind terrain and the other not affected. These relationships can be used to improve concentration estimates from dispersion models.

Comments

Bibliography: pages 117-120.

Extent

x, 120 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

Share

COinS