Publication Date

1966

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Joncich, M. J.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Department

Department of Chemistry

LCSH

Electrochemical analysis||Electrochemistry||Heat

Abstract

While it is true that electrochemical calorimetry is limited in its applicability to reactions which can be carried out quantitatively by electrical means, this method does offer a direct one-step measurement and thus avoids the multi-step determinations which are required by conventional calorimetry. Electrochemical calorimetry, used in areas in which it is applicable, has proven its potentiality and usefulness in research. It was necessary that extensive instrumentation be used in this research since both calorimetric and electrochemical measurements are involved. Thus, the calorimeter was equipped with a thermistor for the temperature measuring element. The thermistor, which changes approximately four percent per degree in resistance, was made one arm of a Wheatstone bridge. It was possible to measure temperature changes as small as 10-5 °C, corresponding to 4 x 10-3 calories of heat liberated by the electrochemical reaction, using the temperature measuring system developed in this research. The enthalpy change of the reaction Ag(s) + HC1(aq) = AgCl(s) + 1/2H2(g) was measured directly for several concentrations of hydrochloric acid by means of the electrochemical calorimetry technique; the heat of formation of AgC1(s) was calculated and compared with the accepted values.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages 57-58)

Extent

viii, 58 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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