Publication Date

1989

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Senkowski, Peter C.

Degree Name

M.A. (Master of Arts)

Department

Department of Psychology

LCSH

Learning, Psychology of||Chlordiazepoxide||Extinction (Psychology)

Abstract

The overtraining extinction effect (OEE) refers to the nonmonotonic relationship between the amount of acquisition training and resistance to extinction, such that resistance to extinction initially increases with increases in training and then decreases with further training. Interpreted in terms of frustration theory as described by A. Amsel in 1962, increased training serves to increase the anticipation of reward which leads to greater levels of frustration when reward is withheld during extinction. Anticipation of frustration is assumed to produce competing responses that disrupt the index response. Greater amounts of frustration lead to a reduction in resistance to extinction. In order to test the frustration interpretation of the OEE, it was hypothesized that the administration of chlordiazepoxide during extinction testing would reduce the frustration and eliminate the OEE. Rats received either 360 or 720 discrete trials of lever-press training with a press duration requirement of 1.5 s prior to a single extinction session of 180 trials. Different groups (ns=8) received either drug or no drug during acquisition training and drug or no drug during extinction testing. All subjects received 30 training trials per day. Maximum trial times were 20 s with an intertrial interval of 60 s. Analysis of the extinction data revealed a significant Trials x Amount-of-Training x Drug-in- Acquisition interaction on all measures. Resistance to extinction was inversely related to the amount of training for subjects not receiving the drug during acquisition, thus demonstrating an OEE. Administration of the drug during acquisition eliminated the OEE. Failure to meet the duration requirement during training presumably resulted in the emotional response of frustration. Subjects not receiving the drug during acquisition learned to approach the lever in the presence of frustration-eliciting cues. For subjects receiving the drug during acquisition, the experience of frustration was eliminated. During extinction, the prior experience with frustration served to increase resistance to extinction of subjects not receiving the drug during acquisition. Failure to find a significant effect of drug in extinction as originally hypothesized may have been methodological. The findings were interpreted as further support for the frustration interpretation of the OEE.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages 50-54)

Extent

vii, 67 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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