Dunn, J. Hubert||Kahler, Robert
M.S. (Master of Science)
Department of Physical Education
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fatigue on the accuracy of free throw shooting of the Seneca High School basketball players. Procedures. The grouping was done by dividing twenty-four subjects into two groups of twelve. The top group consisted of the twelve best players. The bottom group was made up of subjects with lesser basketball ability. A free throw shooting test was administered by allowing each subject to attempt fifty free throws. Following the initial test the scores were equated and the subjects placed into two groups. One-half of the top twelve were placed in the experimental group and one-half were placed in the control group. The same method was used in grouping the bottom twelve. During the training period the control group attempted fifty free throws, three days each week for a six weeks period. They attempted their free throws prior to the start of practice. The same procedure was used for the experimental group except their free throws were attempted following basketball practice plus additional work to induce the element of fatigue. The scoring procedure used was to record the number of successful attempts in each series of ten shots. The purpose of this method was to determine if the number of successful attempts would improve as the fatigue wore off. However, the score card showed no particular pattern of success at any time during the shooting session. Following the training period a final test was administered by allowing the subjects to attempt fifty free throws. Comparisons were made between the initial and final means of each group, and between the final means of the two groups. The statistical tool need for the comparisons was the t? test for paired observations. Results. The mean score for the control group increased from 31.91 to 36.16. This difference of 4.25 was found to be significant at the 1 per cent level. The mean for the experimental group increased from 31.08 to 37.08. This difference of 6.00 was also found to be significant at the 1 per cent level. The difference between the final means for the two groups was .920. This difference was not significant at the 5 per cent level. The results showed a definite gain in free throw shooting accuracy by both groups, but there is little or no difference between the two programs used in the study.
Austin, Ellis W., "Effect of fatigue on free throw shooting accuracy of high school basketball players" (1965). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 2724.
Northern Illinois University
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