Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Gilbert, Harold G., 1921-||Quick, Otho J.

Degree Name

M.S. (Master of Science)

Legacy Department

Department of Industrial Arts


Industrial arts--Study and teaching; Teaching--Aids and devices


Since the beginning of the twentieth century, American teaching methods have changed radically in an effort to keep pace with the rapid industrial and technological growth of the country. In years past it was not considered necessary to create interest in academic subjects. The student carried the responsibility of acquiring mental discipline and of doing his best work if he wished to remain in school. If he also acquired an interest in his studies, that was good, but the creation of interest was not a function of the public school, education, administered in an authoritarian manner, was a serious business established to impart knowledge, not to entertain. School was not regarded as a preparation for wage-earning. Those who wished to learn a trade were apprenticed to journeymen in the trade of their choice. Girls were taught child care and home management by their mothers. Generally speaking, the curricula of American schools were directed towards the student aspiring toward teaching, white collar work, professional or aesthetic occupations. The average boy and girl found little to keep them in school after they had learned to read, write and cipher.


Includes bibliographical references.||Includes illustrations.


74 pages




Northern Illinois University

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