M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Psychology
This study is concerned with developing appropriate criteria of counterproductivity and assessing the discriminant and criterion-related validity of an integrity measure. In addition, the incremental validity of an integrity test over personality traits and a cognitive ability test was examined. Correlational analysis was used to show that while the integrity test was unrelated to cognitive ability, it was highly intercorrelated with personality. Specifically, the integrity test displayed corrected correlations with risk-taking as high as -1.00. The behavioral criteria used for this study were pilferage, fraud, communication of privileged information, and a composite of rule-breaking, time worked, and tardiness. Results of regression analyses showed that the integrity test can be used to predict pilferage and provide an improvement in prediction of pilferage once the variance accounted for by personality and cognitive ability is removed. However, these analyses also showed that personality and cognitive ability possess similar incremental validity with respect to integrity. Further regression analyses failed to find predictive ability for integrity for the composite criterion, fraud, and communication of privileged information, or incremental validity for integrity in regards to the criterion composite and communication of privileged information. Findings of incremental validity regarding the criterion of fraud are limited due to suppressor effects. Semipartial set correlation analyses confirmed the lack of incremental validity of the integrity test over personality and cognitive ability in relation to the set of criteria. Implications of these findings and limitations of the study are discussed.
Mikulay, Shawn M., "Discriminant and criterion-related evidence of validity of an integrity measure" (1995). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 2258.
v, 78 pages
Northern Illinois University
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