C. A. Kaduk

Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Mueller, Richard J., 1927-

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Learning, Development, and Special Education


Creative thinking; Originality; Problem solving in children


The effectiveness of the Future Problem Solving Bowl method of developing creative problem-solving abilities developed by Paul Torrance is tested. Randomly selected sixth grade students in a suburban school are tested using the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking and the Ross Test of Higher Cognitive Abilities after part of the group received 11 days of instruction. The Torrance Tests assess the four dimensions of creative thought: fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration. Test scores are significant for flexibility in thinking at the .05 level and originality in thinking at the .10 level. The fluency score was not significant. It was not possible for the investigator to reliably score the elaboration dimension. It was concluded that the Future Problem Solving Bowl method effectively improved student flexibility in creative thinking, and developed strategies for original thinking. No significant results exist from the Ross Test scores. The brevity of the instructional session and the large amount of variability within groups may have significantly affected the results. In future studies, it is suggested that instruction take place over a quarter or semester and change scores be used instead of a post-test score comparison.


Bibliography: pages 34-36.


vii, 54 pages




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