M.A. (Master of Arts)
Department of Psychology
Reading comprehension; Memory; Concepts
In this study, both conceptually driven and data-driven processes were varied to study their joint effects on the retention of prose materials. Conceptually driven processes were examined by varying the expertise of the subjects. One group was knowledgeable about the topic of a target passage; the other group had no prior knowledge of the topic. Data-driven processes were studied by utilizing a transfer of training paradigm in which the structure of an initial story was manipulated. Forty-seven subjects, 21 of whom were knowledgeable about the game Dungeons and Dragons, read and recalled aloud a folktale and a Dungeons and Dragons story under both immediate and delayed recall conditions. An examination of the percentage of the propositions recalled indicated that while the recalls of the folktales were similar, the Dungeons and Dragons knowledgeable subjects recalled a greater percentage of the Dungeons and Dragons story. A conditionalized recall analysis of the proposition types within the Dungeons and Dragons story revealed that both knowledge groups tended to recall proportionally more High-Level Central Propositions than any other category.
Berryman, Mary Jeanne, "Conceptually and data-driven processes in text comprehension" (1989). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 1904.
2 volumes (viii, 565 pages)
Northern Illinois University
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