Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Dunn, J. Hubert

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education


Physical education for children; Skating; Physical fitness for children


The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the health related physical fitness levels of 12- and 13-year-old female competitive figure skaters, in comparison to the same age/gender groups involved in a fitness-based or activity-based physical education program. The instrument used for assessment was the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD) Health Related Physical Fitness Test. Subjects included a total of 80 females, 12 to 13 years of age, divided into three groups as follows: (a) 20 competitive figure skaters, (b) 30 activity-based physical education program participants, and (c) 30 fitness-based physical education program participants. The data were statistically treated by the analysis of variance for each of the four test items. When the F̱ test indicated a significance between the means, Scheffé's post hoc test was used to identify the manner in which the differences occurred. The following results were obtained: (a) no significant difference was found between any combination of two groups for the sit-and-reach test, (b) there was a significant difference between the means of the figure skaters (X = 16.60) and the activity-based group (X = 27.32) for the sum of skinfold measures, (c) there was a significant difference on the sit-up test between the fitness-based group (X = 38.90) and the activity-based group (X = 32.28), and (d) in the 1.5-mile run, both the figure skaters (X = 909.61 s, or 15 min 10 s) and the fitness-based group (X = 948.72 s, or 15 min 49 s) were significantly faster than the activity-based group (X = 1,133.87 s, or 18 min 54 s). In view of the statistical results, there were differences in the functional capacity levels as measured by the AAHPERD Health Related Physical Fitness Test which are more indicative of the figure skaters- and the fitness-based physical education program subjects than the activity-based physical education program subjects.


Bibliography: pages [44]-49.


iv, 59 pages




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