Publication Date

1995

Document Type

Dissertation/Thesis

First Advisor

Rimmer, James H.

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Department

Department of Physical Education

LCSH

Obesity in children--Illinois--Chicago||Children with mental disabilities--Illinois--Chicago--Health and hygiene||Mental retardation--Illinois--Chicago--Physiological aspects

Abstract

Obesity is considered a major health problem among children in the United States. Due to its increasing prevalence, serious efforts must be aimed at preventing this disorder early in life. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant difference in BMI between children with and without mental retardation(MR). One hundred and three nonretarded children (51 males and 52 females, 7 to 9 years) and 71 children with mild or moderate mental retardation (36 males and 35 females, 7 to 9 years) were measured on height and weight in order to compute body mass index (BMI). Children with Down Syndrome (DS) (n= 27) were evaluated as a separate group. Results indicated that there was no significant difference in BMI between children with and without mental retardation (p>.05). There was, however, a significant difference between males and females (p < .05 ), with nonretarded males having a larger BMI than nonretarded females, and males with MR having a larger BMI than females with MR. Children with DS had significantly higher BMI's (p < .05) than children with MR who did not have DS. These findings indicate a need for more investigation into the caloric intake, energy expenditure, and lifestyle characteristics of children with DS.

Comments

Includes bibliographical references (pages [17]-18).

Extent

36 pages

Language

eng

Publisher

Northern Illinois University

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Statement 2

NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.

Media Type

Text

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