Rimmer, James H.
M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)
Department of Physical Education
Body composition; Mentally handicapped
The purpose of this study was to determine body composition levels among 210 adults with mental retardation residing in two different residential settings in the United States and in Germany. Subjects' mean age was 31.7 years. Skinfold measurements were used to determine percent body fat (PBF), and height and weight was used to compute body mass index (BMI). Results indicated that PBF was significantly higher among females (p < .000), individuals in the institutional setting had significantly lower PBF and BMI levels (p < .000) than individuals in the family settings, and PBF and BMI levels were significantly higher in the United States compared to PBF and BMI levels in Germany (p < .000) . These findings indicate a need for more investigation into the caloric intake, energy expenditure, lifestyles and metabolic characteristics of adults with mental retardation living in the United States and Germany, specially focusing on living arrangement and level of mental retardation.
Frey, Bernd, "Comparison of body composition between German and American adults with mental retardation" (1994). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 1861.
Northern Illinois University
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