Publication Date


Document Type


First Advisor

Tymeson, Garth

Degree Name

M.S. Ed. (Master of Education)

Legacy Department

Department of Physical Education


Mentally handicapped--Health and hygiene; Cholesterol; Fat; Body composition


Very few studies have described cholesterol levels among adults with mental retardation (MR). The purpose of this investigation was to describe total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and the TC:HDL ratio for persons with MR and to determine a relationship between these cholesterol variables and percent body fat for male and female subjects. Mean values for TC were 202.2 ± 44.4 mg/dl for males and 176.0 ± 31.8 mg/dl for females. Mean values for HDL were 44.8 ±11.2 mg/dl for males and 45.4 ± 10.3 mg/dl for females. Mean values for LDL were 137.5 ± 37.2 mg/dl for males and 108.9 ± 24.0 mg/dl for females. Mean TC:HDL ratio's were 4.8 ± 1.4 for males and 4.0 ± 0.9 for females. The TC:HDL ratio was significantly (p < .02) correlated with percent body fat for the females (r = .42). No other significant correlations existed between the cholesterol variables and percent body fat. It was concluded that both male and female subjects with MR in this study did not have cholesterol profiles indicating a high risk of CHD. Also, the relationships between percent body fat and the cholesterol variables were low in this sample.


Includes bibliographical references (pages 47-51)


v, 64 pages




Northern Illinois University

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