Parker, Chris P.
Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)
Department of Psychology
Organizational behavior; Political participation--Attitudes
This study explored how organizational politics is used as an explanation for unfavorable organizational outcomes and identified the various attributional conditions, justice conditions, and intentionality conditions under which a political individual versus a political organization is perceived. Also investigated are how these perceptions lead to various attitudes toward the political individual and the political organization. Data were analyzed from 410 individuals with a minimum of two years of full-time work experience who were randomly assigned to reflect on either a favorable or unfavorable work outcome. Participants' perceptions as to whether the reason for the outcome was a result of a political organization, a political individual, or political skill were measured. In addition, participants rated the degree to which they attributed the reason for the outcome to internal, stable, or controllable causes; the degree to which they perceived the outcome as distributively, procedurally, or interactionally just; and the degree to which they perceived altruistic or political intent. Also attitudes as a result of these perceptions were measured including organizational commitment, job satisfaction, turnover, organizational citizenship behaviors, and interpersonal trust at work. Overall, it was found that unfavorable and external outcomes led to perceptions of political individuals and political organizations. Individuals are not likely to attribute political skill as the reason for his/her favorable outcomes or lack of political skill for their unfavorable outcomes. Interactional injustice leads to a perception of a political individual and procedural injustice to the perception of a political organization. Individuals who receive an unfavorable outcome were more likely to see others involved as having self-interested and manipulative intent and, therefore, as political. These political perceptions lead to negative attitudes with regard to interpersonal trust, organizational citizenship behaviors, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and intention to turnover for both the individual involved and the organization.
LaCost, Heather A., "Attributions of organizational politics : an investigation of locus of causality, justice and intentionality as factors in perceptions of politics" (2005). Graduate Research Theses & Dissertations. 1579.
viii, 168 pages, 1 folded page
Northern Illinois University
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